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Legislation to prevent and combat child sexual abuse

Turning the rising wave of child sexual abuse

Child sexual abuse is a real and growing danger. More and more often, abusers use the internet to communicate with each other, share materials, and reach out to children. Predators take photos and videos of the abuse they commit in real life and share them though the internet. They use web cams, mobile phones, social media or other online platforms to coerce or blackmail children into inappropriate and illegal sex acts.

Legislation to prevent and combat child sexual abuse

Photos and videos of children being sexually abused are shared online on a massive scale. In 2021, 85 million such pictures and videos were reported by Internet companies.

Knowing that there are such horrid images of me that hundreds of people are looking at and doing who knows what, is unbearable.

Survivor of child sexual abuse, the Netherlands

Abuse and exploitation know no borders. Images of crimes committed in one country are circulated and watched across the globe. Victims rarely come forward. Abuse is often committed by a person in the child’s circle of trust, often in the child’s own home.

It took a long time before there was a therapist that didn't dismiss me as a liar straight away. Don't dismiss everything as untrue just because it is too awful to believe.

Survivor of child sexual abuse, Sweden

In many cases, the abuse comes to light only when the actions of perpetrators are detected online. Online service providers play an essential role in reporting online child sexual abuse. Unfortunately, the current system of voluntary reporting is not effective enough. A total of 95% of all reports currently come from one single service provider (Meta). As a society, we need to make it mandatory for all tech companies in Europe to detect and report child sexual abuse online to the authorities.

Legislation to prevent and combat child sexual abuse

To address this global problem, the EU has proposed legislation that will help us to find, report, and prevent cases of online child sexual abuse and to support victims. We are all responsible to keep our children safe from sexual predators.

Legislation to prevent and combat child sexual abuse

More than 90 child rights organisations have signed an open letter supporting the EU’s proposed law to protect children from sexual abuse. The letter called the law ‘timely and historic, not just for Europe but for the world.’ The law is supported by major European and international organisations that strive for children’s safety and security. These include Missing Children Europe, Eurochild, the German Children’s Fund, ECPAT International, Thorn, and many more.

New EU rules against child sexual abuse

The Commission is proposing new EU legislation that aims to help EU countries to:

  • detect and report child sexual abuse online
  • prevent child sexual abuse
  • support victims

This legislation makes it mandatory for service providers to report child sexual abuse online on their platforms and to alert the authorities, so that predators can be brought to justice. Providers will also be required to report cases of grooming – a practice where sexual predators build a relationship, trust and emotional connection with children so they can manipulate, exploit and abuse them.

Learn more about the proposed legislation on the Frequently asked questions

What happens if this legislation isn’t approved?

On 3 August 2024, the EU law that allows service providers to continue voluntary detection and reporting of online child sexual abuse and removal of child sexual abuse material will expire. If this happens, tech companies will no longer be able to detect, report and remove illegal content in communication services, which are today the most relevant way to disseminate child sexual abuse material and to groom children: 80% of reports last year came from electronic communications. This will make it easier for predators to sexually abuse children and to get away with it unpunished.
If the new law is in place, tech companies will have an obligation to protect children. Let’s ensure that it will happen before 3 August 2024.

Explore the topics below to learn more about what this legislation aims to do

Detection, reporting and removal

The proposed EU legislation aims to define providers’ responsibilities when it comes to finding and reporting child sexual abuse material and grooming in the digital spaces they operate.

Prevention

Preventing child sexual abuse is essential to keep children safe. Governments and companies across the EU and beyond need to cooperate efficiently to improve prevention.

EU centre to prevent and combat child sexual abuse

To protect children in Europe and worldwide, the Commission proposes to set up a European centre to prevent and fight child sexual abuse and support victims. The centre will:

  • coordinate actions to fight against child sexual abuse: from detection and reporting, to prevention and assistance to victims
  • provide EU countries with expertise on prevention and victim support
  • support law enforcement to act on reports and save children
  • provide companies with indicators to find and report online child sexual abuse
  • work closely with partners outside the EU, including similar centres in the US, Canada and Australia

The centre will work with companies, research institutes, and law enforcement to help them exchange information and best practices, providing oversight, transparency and accountability.

Read more about the European centre

News on preventing child sexual abuse

  • News article

How a child sexual abuse report helped rescue 140 children

A recent report from an online service provider led to the arrest of 46 child predators in New Zealand and the identification of over 100 suspects across the EU. As a result, more than 140 children around the world were saved from sexual abuse.

  • News article

How the new EU law to tackle child sexual abuse will make a difference

The European Union (EU) is working on measures to prevent and combat child sexual abuse. On 3 August 2024, the EU law that allows service providers to continue voluntary detection, reporting and removal of online child sexual abuse material will expire.