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Migration and Home Affairs

trafficking in human beings


The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or reception of persons, including the exchange or transfer of control over those persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.


Art. 2 of Directive 2011/36/EU (Trafficking Directive)


  • BG: трафик на хора
  • CS: obchodování s lidmi
  • DE: Menschenhandel
  • EL: εμπορία ανθρώπων (EL); εμπορία προσώπων (CY)
  • EN: trafficking in human beings
  • ES: trata de seres humanos
  • ET: inimkaubandus
  • FI: ihmiskauppa
  • FR: traite des êtres humains
  • GA: gáinneáil i ndaoine
  • HR: trgovanje ljudima
  • HU: emberkereskedelem
  • IT: tratta di esseri umani
  • LT: prekyba žmonėmis
  • LV: cilvēku tirdzniecība
  • MT: Traffikar ta’ Persuni
  • NL: mensenhandel
  • PL: handel ludźmi
  • PT: tráfico de seres humanos
  • RO: trafic de fiinţe umane
  • SK: obchodovanie s ľuďmi
  • SL: trgovina z ljudmi
  • SV: människohandel
  • NO: menneskehandel
  • KA: ადამიანით ვაჭრობა (ტრეფიკინგი)
  • UK: торгівля людьми
  • HY: մարդկանց թրաֆիքինգ


  • human trafficking

Narrower Term(s)

Related Term(s)


1. A position of vulnerability means a situation in which the person concerned has no real or acceptable alternative but to submit to the abuse involved.
2. Exploitation includes, as a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, including begging, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the exploitation of criminal activities, or the removal of organs.
3. The EU anti-trafficking website provides a one-stop-shop for practitioners and the public interested in the problem of trafficking.