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Migration and Home Affairs

Migration Management in Spain

The European Commission supports Spain in the entire migration management process with EU funding and expertise. This includes the deployment of a staff member permanently based in Madrid, alongside the permanent presence of EU agencies (Frontex and EUAA) in the south of Spain and the Canary Islands.

Operational support

European Commission staff member

The European Commission staff member present in Spain engages with Spanish authorities and makes sure they receive the support they may need to ensure effective migration management. This includes managing the arrivals of migrants and asylum seekers in compliance with EU law and in respect of human rights.

Migration Management in Spain
Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson, visiting the Spanish Regional Coordination Centre of the Canary Islands

European Border and Coast Guard Agency - Frontex

Frontex supports the Spanish authorities in migration management through four joint operations.

Name Location Operation
Joint Operation Indalo Strait of Gibraltar, Alboran Sea, and Western Mediterranean Sea Joint Operation Indalo includes sea surveillance and support to SAR operations, border checks, identification and registration of irregular migrants, and the disruption of smuggling operations of migrants.
Joint Operation Canary Islands Archipelago of the Canary Islands Joint Operation Canary Islands focuses on the identification and registration of irregular migrants.
Joint Operation Minerva Strait of Gibraltar Joint Operation Minerva, carried out between June and September, focuses on the control and checks of passengers and vehicles crossing the Strait of Gibraltar in the seaports of Algeciras, Ceuta and Tarifa.
Joint Operation Focal Points Air Madrid and Barcelona Joint Operation Focal Points Air aims at enhancing border security with support provided by Frontex experts in border checks at air borders in the airports of Madrid and Barcelona.
Migration management in Spain
Frontex officers supporting operations in Spain

European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA)

The European Union Agency for Asylum operates in Spain since December 2020. It assists Spanish authorities in strengthening their capacity to manage reception centres, as well as reforming the asylum reception model.

Migration management in Spain
Temporary reception facilities set up with EU emergency funds in Tenerife, Canary Islands

Migration management in action