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Migration and Home Affairs

A new way forward on internal security

Terrorist attacks that have struck at the heart of our Union in recent years and the ever evolving nature of organised crime have brought into sharp focus the need to improve cooperation on internal security issues and build an effective Security Union

Mission Letter of Commissioner Johansson, Commissioner for Home Affairs

On 24 July 2020, the European Commission set out a new EU Security Union Strategy for the period from 2020 to 2025. It maps out the main actions, tools and measures to ensure European security, both in the physical and digital world, and across all parts of society. 

As a core component of the strategy, the Commission defines a new way forward on internal security with actions in key areas:

  • organised crime,
  • terrorism and the prevention of violent radicalisation,
  • resilience of our critical infrastructures and public spaces,
  • cybercrime, including fighting child sexual abuse,
  • law enforcement cooperation and information exchange,
  • research and innovation

Why a new way forward on internal security?


Fighting organised crime and human trafficking

Organised crime comes at a huge economic and personal cost. The economic loss due to organised crime and corruption is estimated to present between €218 and €282 billion annually. 

The Commission strengthens its action on organised crime by putting forward ambitious measures, such as the new: 

Countering terrorism and radicalisation

Fighting cybercrime

The number of cyber-attacks continues to rise, with the attacks more sophisticated than ever. Europol and their colleagues in the Member States need to be given the tools to do their jobs to fight crime effectively both offline and online. Cooperation and information sharing are the most powerful tools to combat crime and terrorism and pursue justice. The Commission works to further strengthen cooperation and information exchange, with all the necessary safeguards.

Policy timeline

  1. 14 April 2021
    EU Strategy to tackle organised crime 2021-2025
  2. 14 April 2021
    EU strategy on combatting trafficking in human beings 2021-2025
  3. 18 December 2020
    EU drugs strategy 2021-2025
  4. 9 December 2020
    Counter terrorism agenda
  5. 9 December 2020
    Europol proposal
  6. 24 July 2020
    EU strategy for a more effective fight against child sexual abuse
  7. 24 July 2020
    EU action plan on firearms trafficking
  8. 24 July 2020
    EU drugs agenda and action plan 2021-2025
  9. 24 July 2020
    EU security union strategy
  10. 9 July 2020
    Commission staff working document on the implementation of Home Affairs legislation in the field of internal security - 2017-2020

Further background