An acronym for persons who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, intersex or queer.
Derived by EMN from European Commission: LGBTIQ Equality Strategy 2020-2025.
- BG: ЛГБТ
- CS: LGB(TI)
- DE: LGBTIQ
- EL: ΛΟΑΤΚΙ
- EN: LGBTIQ
- ES: LGTB (Lesbianas, gais, transexuales y bisexuales)
- ET: LGB(TI)
- FI: HLB(TI)
- FR: LGB(TI)
- GA: LADTI/(daoine) Leispiacha, Aeracha, Déghnéasacha, Trasinscneacha agus Idirghnéasacha
- HU: LGB(TI)-Leszbikus, Meleg,Biszexuális (Transznemű,Interszexuális)
- IT: LGB(TI)
- LT: LGB(TI)
- LV: LGB(TI)
- MT: LGB(TI)
- NL: LGB(TI)
- PL: LGB(TI)
- PT: LGB(TI)
- RO: LGB(TI)
- SK: lesbické, homosexuálne, bisexuálne, (transrodové a intersexuálne) osoby
- SL: LGB(TI) Lezbijke, geji, bi- in transseksualci
- SV: HBTQI (homosexuella, bisexuella, trans- och queerpersoner och intersexuella)
- NO: LGB(TI)
- KA: ლგბ(ტი)
- UK: ЛГБ(ТІ)
- gender-based persecution
- gender identity
- gender-specific violence
- particular social group
- sexual orientation
1. There is no uniform or standardised terminology relating to diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Terminology regarding LGBTIQ varies immensely across (sub-)cultures and countries/regions and may change over time.
2. The EMN prefers the term LGBTIQ as this is the term used by the European Commission in its LGBTIQ Equality Strategy 2020-2025. The Strategy sets out a series of measures to integrate LGBTIQ equality in all policy areas and to help lift the voices of LGBTIQ minorities. For more information see the webpage on the LGBTIQ Equality Strategy 2020-2025. Also the EUAA uses nowadays the term LGBTIQ as e.g. in their COI LGBTIQ research guide 2021.
3. More commonly used is the acronym LGBTI, which is also the term used in the publication 'Legal gender recognition in the EU'. Others also include asexual persons (LGBTQIA). The discussion over the most inclusive acronym is ongoing.
4. LGBTIQ rights in the European Union are protected under the European Union's (EU) treaties and law. Same-sex sexual activity is legal in all EU Member States and discrimination in employment has been banned since 2000. However, EU Member States have different laws when it comes to any greater protection and discrimination against LGBTIQ people persists throughout the EU.
5. The term was added as LGBTIQ people may experience persecution, serious harm and discrimination in their countries of origin and thus it may be a reason for which people claim international protection. Art. 10 of the Recast Qualification Directive (Directive 2011/95/EU) reiterates that sexual orientation may be invoked as one of the five existing Convention grounds for persecution.