Within its Collection, RAN has gathered more than 200 practices in the field of P/CVE, with the aim of providing a valuable source of information and inspiration for practitioners, policy makers and researchers. Since 2020, practice owners whose P/CVE practices are part of the RAN Collection have the opportunity to take part in an expert peer review. The review is conducted by a member of the RAN Practitioners Expert Pool with expertise in the field of the practice.
Goals of the expert peer review
The aim of the expert peer review is threefold: 1) to provide practice owners with the low-threshold opportunity to receive input from a peer expert on a voluntary basis, 2) to raise awareness on the necessity of continuously reviewing P/CVE interventions, tools and methods and 3) to support practitioners with the professionalisation of their projects.
The review process
Once practice owners decide to take part in the expert peer review process, the respective practice is matched with an expert from the RAN Practitioners Expert Pool. Criteria for the selection of experts are:
- Selected experts need to have a minimum of 5 years of experience as first-line practitioners in the field of P/CVE;
- Proven knowledge on the work field/theme of the respective practice they will review;
- Proven experience with constructive reviewing, theory of change and/or evaluating;
- Selected experts should be members of the RAN Practitioners Expert Pool.
After the expert selection, practice owners will be asked whether they agree with the matched expert. If so, practice owners are then asked to provide the expert with relevant information, including (published) documents, website links, videos, and/or evaluation reports of the practice. The practice owner can flag possible topics, challenges or questions for the expert to focus on in the review. In a second step, a joint call is set up, in which the practice owner presents the practice and answers any questions the expert may have. Taking into account the theoretical implications of the practice, its objectives, methods and resources, the expert writes a non-binding one-page advice letter for the practice and suggests possible opportunities for the practice. The reviews take place on a voluntary basis and will not be published by RAN.
Each year, a new selection of RAN Collection practices is invited for an expert peer review on a voluntary basis. The aim is that within the next few years all active Collection practices will be invited to participate in the expert peer review. The selection of invited practices is based on key topics and priority areas of the annual “Strategic Orientations on a coordinated EU approach to prevention of radicalisation”. Additionally, a balanced geographical spread of practices throughout the EU and an equal distribution of practices focusing on primary, secondary and tertiary prevention is considered when inviting practices:
- Primary prevention is targeted at whole population groups or everyone within a broad category of P/CVE.
- Secondary prevention is targeted at defined groups at risk of radicalisation/violent extremism and/or prone to committing criminal/terrorist acts.
- Tertiary prevention is directed toward radicalised individuals or problem groups and individuals who demonstrate problematic behaviour for a violent extremism cause.
Additional criteria are:
- The practice is still active*;
- The practice was last updated in the RAN Collection in 2020, 2021 or 2022, so there is a focus on the most recently updated practices;
- The practice has been monitored and evaluated to some degree.
*Some practices in the RAN Collection were ‘short-term interventions’ and are no longer running (but could be repeated in the future). Since some of these practices are excellent examples of P/CVE interventions, exceptions may be made regarding this criterion if sufficient information is provided by the practice owner and if the organisation is still existing.
Expert Peer Review
In 2020, the RAN Collection started the expert peer review to help raise awareness about the importance of exchange with peers in the same field. So far, 21 practices have taken part in the review process. Below, the expert peer reviews are reflected in ‘The RAN Collection in numbers’ (September 2022).
Also, please see this infographic for the overarching lessons that can be drawn from the 2021 Expert Peer Review.