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Migration and Home Affairs


In the global context, the authorisation or decision of a State required for admission, transit through, entry of aliens for an intended stay or exit from the State.

In the Schengen context, the authorisation or decision of a Schengen State required for transit or entry for an intended stay in that Schengen State or in several Schengen States.


Global context: Derived by EMN from Art. 2(m) of Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 (Dublin III Regulation) and IOM Glossary on Migration, 2019.

Schengen context: Derived by EMN from Art. 2(m) of Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 (Dublin III Regulation).


  • BG: виза
  • CS: vízum
  • DE: Visum
  • EL: θεώρηση εισόδου
  • EN: visa
  • ES: visado
  • ET: viisa
  • FI: viisumi
  • FR: visa
  • GA: víosa
  • HR: viza
  • HU: vízum
  • IT: visto
  • LT: viza
  • LV: vīza
  • MT: Viża
  • NL: visum
  • PL: wiza
  • PT: visto
  • RO: viză
  • SK: vízum
  • SL: vizum
  • SV: visering
  • NO: visum
  • KA: ვიზა
  • UK: віза
  • HY: մուտք արտոնագիր (վիզա)

Broader Term(s)

Narrower Term(s)


1. The European Union has established with the Visa Code a common visa policy. The Visa Code defines in Art. 2(2) a short-stay visa as the usual form of visa, without explicitly designating it as such. It allows for transit through or intended stays in the territory of a Schengen State of no more than 90 days in any 180 days period and for transit through the international transit areas of airports of the Schengen States. Visas for visits exceeding that period re-main subject to national procedures.
2. The Schengen visa is the most common visa for Europe, it is a short-stay visa allowing a person to travel to any Member State of the Schengen Area, per stay up to 90 days, inter-alia, for tourism or business purposes.It enables its holder to enter, freely travel within, and leave the Schengen zone from any of the Schengen member countries. There are no border controls within the Schengen Zone.
3. Citizens from some non-EU countries are required to hold a visa when travelling to the Schengen Area. The EU has a common list of countries whose citizens must have a visa when crossing the external EU borders and a list of countries whose citizens are exempt from that requirement. These lists are set out in Regulation (EU) 2018/1806.
4. For more information see the Visa Policy webpage.