Skip to main content
European Commission logo
Migration and Home Affairs


A third-country national who has long-term resident status as provided for under Arts. 4 to 7 of Council Directive 2003/109/EC (Long Term Residents Directive) or as provided for under national legislation.


Art. 2(b) of Council Directive 2003/109/EC (Long Term Residents Directive)


  • BG: дългосрочно пребиваващ
  • CS: dlouhodobě pobývající rezident
  • DE: langfristig Aufenthaltsberechtigter
  • EL: επί μακρών διαμένων
  • EN: long-term resident
  • ES: residente de larga duración
  • ET: pikaajaline elanik
  • FI: pitkään oleskellut
  • FR: résident de longue durée
  • GA: cónaitheoir fadtéarmach
  • HU: huzamos tartózkodás jogával rendelkező személy
  • IT: soggiornante di lungo periodo
  • LT: ilgalaikis gyventojas
  • LV: pastāvīgais iedzīvotājs
  • MT: Migrazzjoni fit-tul
  • NL: langdurig ingezeten onderdaan van een derde land / langdurig ingezetene
  • PL: rezydent długoterminowy
  • PT: residente de longa duração
  • RO: rezident pe termen lung
  • SK: osoba s dlhodobým pobytom
  • SL: rezident za daljše obdobje
  • SV: varaktigt bosatt
  • NO: person med permanent oppholdtillatelse (b); person med permanent opphaldsløyve (n)

Related Term(s)


1. EU Member States must recognise long-term resident status after five years of uninterrupted legal residence. This is however dependent upon the person having a stable and regular source of income, health insurance and, when required by the EU Member State, having complied with integration measures. The applicant must also not constitute a threat to public security or public policy.
2. Directive 2011/51/EU amended Directive 2003/109/EC (Long Term Residents Directive) to extend its scope of application to beneficiaries of international protection.
3. The UN Recommendations on Statistics on International Migration set one year of intended residence as the lower threshold.