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Migration and Home Affairs


Mechanism that aims to ensure that migrant workers are only admitted after employers have unsuccessfully searched for national workers, EU citizens (in EU Member States this also means EEA workers) or legally residing third-country nationals with access to the labour market according to national legislation.


Derived by EMN from Oxford Migration Observatory response to Call for Evidence


  • BG: тест на пазара на труда
  • CS: test trhu práce
  • DE: Arbeitsmarkttest
  • EL: έλεγχος της αγοράς εργασίας
  • EN: labour market test
  • ES: Catálogo de ocupaciones de difícil cobertura
  • ET: tööturu test
  • FI: työvoiman saatavuusharkinta
  • FR: examen du marché de l’emploi / du travail
  • GA: tástáil sa mhargadh fostaíochta
  • HU: munkaerőpiaci felmérés
  • IT: analisi del mercato del lavoro
  • LT: darbo rinkos testas
  • LV: darba tirgus tests
  • MT: Test dwar is-suq tax-xogħol
  • NL: arbeidsmarkttoets
  • PL: test rynku pracy
  • PT: contingente global de oportunidades de emprego
  • RO: testarea pieţei forţei de muncă
  • SK: skúmanie situácie na trhu práce
  • SL: preizkus trga dela
  • SV: arbetsmarknadsprövning
  • NO: arbeidsmarkedsvurdering (b); arbeidsmarknadsvurdering (n)
  • KA: შრომის ბაზრის ტესტი
  • UK: відповідність кваліфікації працівника вимогам роботи


  • LMT

Broader Term(s)


1. The labour market test (LMT) is implemented and applied widely in most EU Member States. Where the LMT is applied, some categories of workers can be exempt, reflecting the specific national situations and priorities.
2. EU Member States apply different methodologies in undertaking LMTs. In general, a considerable role is left to employers and public employment services. Duration of the verification process varies among EU Member States.
3. For further information, see EMN: Satisfying labour demand through migration, June 2011.