Skip to main content
European Commission logo
Migration and Home Affairs


All procedures which involve the partial or total removal of the external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or any other non-medical reasons.


Website of the World Health Organisation


  • BG: генитално осакатяване на жени
  • CS: ženská obřízka
  • DE: weibliche Genitalverstümmelung
  • EL: ακρωτηριασμός γυναικείων γεννητικών οργάνων
  • EN: female genital mutilation
  • ES: Mutilación genital femenina
  • ET: naiste suguelundite moonutamine
  • FI: naisten sukuelinten silpominen / naisten ympärileikkaus
  • FR: mutilations sexuelles féminines / mutilations génitales féminines
  • GA: ciorrú baill ghiniúna ban
  • HU: női nemiszerv-csonkítás
  • IT: mutilazione genitale femminile
  • LT: moters lytinių organų žalojimas
  • LV: sieviešu dzimumorgānu kropļošana
  • MT: Mutilazzjoni ġenitali tan-nisa
  • NL: vrouwelijke genitale verminking
  • PL: okaleczanie żeńskich organów płciowych
  • PT: mutiliação genital feminina
  • SK: mrzačenie ženských pohlavných orgánov / zmrzačovanie ženských pohlavných orgánov
  • SL: pohabljanje ženskih spolnih organov
  • SV: kvinnlig könsstympning
  • NO: kvinnelig kjønnslemlestelse (b); kvinneleg kjønnslemlesting (n)


  • FGM
  • cutting
  • circumcision
  • female circumcision

Related Term(s)


1. FGM is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of women and girls. The practice also violates a person’s rights to health, security and physical integrity; the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment; and the right to life when the procedure results in death. The practice of FGM is considered as a criminal act in all EU Member States.
2.The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Guidance Notes of 2009 state that a girl or woman seeking asylum because she has been compelled to undergo, or is likely to be subjected to FGM may qualify for refugee status under the Geneva Refugee Convention and Protocol . The UNHCR Guidelines consider FGM to be a form of gender-specific violence that inflicts severe mental and physical harm and amounts to persecution. For further information see UNHCR Guidance Note on Refugee Claims relating to Female Genital Mutilation, 2009 .