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Migration and Home Affairs

temporary international relocation initiative (TIRI)


All measures for swift assistance and protection of human right defenders (HRDs) in danger in a third country by providing preventive security measures or supporting them to relocate inside their country of origin, within their region or abroad in case of urgent threat and where appropriate, issuing emergency visas and facilitating temporary shelter in EU Member States.


Derived by EMN from the European Union Temporary Relocation Platform (EUTRP) and Website of


  • BG: инициатива за временно преместване в друга държава
  • CS: dočasná mezinárodní relokační iniciativa
  • DE: vorübergehende internationale Umsiedlungsinitiative
  • EL: πρωτοβουλία προσωρινής διεθνούς μετεγκατάστασης (TIRI)
  • EN: temporary international relocation initiative (TIRI)
  • ES: iniciativa de reubicación internacional temporal
  • ET: ajutine rahvusvahelise ümberpaigutamise algatus
  • FI: aloite kansainvälisistä tilapäisistä siirroista
  • FR: initiative de relocalisation internationale temporaire
  • GA: Tionscnamh um Athshocrú Sealadach Idirnáisiúnta (TASI)
  • HR: inicijativa za privremeno međunarodno preseljenje
  • HU: Ideiglenes nemzetközi relokációs kezdeményezés
  • IT: iniziativa per la ricollocazione temporanea internazionale
  • LT: laikino tarptautinio perkėlimo iniciatyva
  • LV: pagaidu starptautiskās pārcelšanas iniciatīva
  • MT: Inizzjattiva Temporanja Internazzjonali għar- Rilokazzjoni (ITIR)
  • NL: tijdelijk internationaal relocatie initiatief / tijdelijk internationaal herplaatsingsinitiatief (BE)
  • PL: międzynarodowa inicjatywa relokacji tymczasowej
  • PT: iniciativa de recolocação internacional temporária (TIRI)
  • RO: inițiativa de relocare temporară internațională (TIRI) /li>
  • SK: iniciatíva dočasnej medzinárodnej relokácie (TIRI)
  • SL: pobuda za začasno mednarodno premestitev
  • SV: temporary international relocation initiative (TIRI)
  • NO: temporary international relocation initiative (TIRI)
  • KA: დროებითი საერთაშორისო განსახლების ინიციატივა (TIRI)
  • UK: ініціатива про тимчасове переселення за кордон (TIRI)
  • HY: ժամանակավոր միջազգային վերաբնակեցման նախաձեռնություն


  • temporary international relocation initiative
  • TIRI

Broader Term(s)

Related Term(s)


  1. Human right defenders (HRDs) are people who individually or collectively work peacefully on behalf of others to promote and defend internationally recognised human rights. The United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner offers a detailed description of who human rights defenders are and what they do as well as on the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, for more information see:
  2. Before relocating human rights defenders outside of their country of origin, preventive measures should be taken to ensure personal safety and protection. If relocation is inevitable, priority should be given to relocation in the defender's own country or in their sub-region, thus allowing them to continue doing their work close to their country.
  3. Temporary relocation visas are one tool to protect human rights defenders at risk and in need of relocation.
  4. On initiative of the European Commission a platform has been developed with the objective to facilitate coordination and cooperation among actors involved in the temporary relocation of HRDs. These actors may be based in Europe or in countries or regions where HRDs are at risk. The coordination of the platform is currently in the hands of, the European Union Human Rights Defenders mechanism. For more information on the platform see the Website of
  5. The temporary international relocation initiative is different from the EU's relocation mechanism which ensures the transfer of persons in need of protection or already having a protection status from an EU Member to another responsible either for granting a similar protection status or examining their application of international protection. For more information see the entry of 'relocation' in this glossary.
  6. The International Cities of Refuge Network (ICORN) is an independent organisation of cities and regions offering shelter to writers and artists at risk, advancing freedom of expression, defending democratic values and promoting international solidarity. It was formally established on June 9, 2006 in Stavanger after the dissolution of the original Cities of Asylum Network (INCA) founded in 1993 by the International Parliament of Writers (IPW). Since then more than 70 cities worldwide have joined the network and no less than 200 writers and artists have found shelter in an ICORN member city. For more information see the Website of ICORN.