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Migration and Home Affairs


Each person's profound emotional, affectional and sexual attraction to, and intimate and/or sexual relations with, individuals of a different gender or the same gender or more than one gender.


Yogyakarta principles on the application of international human rights law in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity, March 2006.


  • BG: сексуална ориентация
  • CS: sexuální orientace
  • DE: sexuelle Orientierung
  • EL: σεξουαλικός προσανατολισμός
  • EN: sexual orientation
  • ES: n/a
  • ET: seksuaalne sättumus
  • FI: seksuaalinen suuntautuminen
  • FR: orientation sexuelle
  • GA: gnéaschlaonadh
  • HR: seksualna orijentacija
  • HU: szexuális irányultság
  • IT: orientamento sessuale
  • LT: seksualinė orientacija
  • LV: seksuālā orientācija
  • MT: Orjentament sesswali
  • NL: seksuele gerichtheid / seksuele oriëntatie
  • PL: orientacja seksualna
  • PT: orientação sexual
  • RO: n/a
  • SK: sexuálna orientácia
  • SL: spolna usmerjenost
  • SV: sexuell läggning
  • NO: seksuell orientering/legning
  • KA: სექსუალური ორიენტაცია
  • UK: сексуальна орієнтація
  • HY: սեռական կողմնորոշում

Related Term(s)


1. The Yogyakarta Principles, adopted in 2006, are a set of principles on the application of international human rights law in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity. Principle 23 includes the right to asylum.

2. In 2017 a set of new principles on in-ternational human rights law relating to sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics (SOGIESC) were added, among others the right to state protection: “Everyone, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression or sex charac-teristics, has the right to State protection from violence, discrimination and other harm, whether by government officials or by any individual or group”. For more in-formation see: The Yogyakarta Principles plus 10 (YP+10), 2017.

3. Sexual orientation can be a ground for protection under the Geneva Refugee Convention and Protocol and under EU international protection legislation.

4. Art. 10 of Directive 2011/95/EU (Recast Qualification Directive) explicitly includes sexual orientation and gender identity among the possible reasons for persecution, both should be given due consideration when determining whether a person belongs to a particular social group under persecution.

5. According to Art. 18(3) of Directive 2031/33/EU (Recast Reception Conditions Directive) EU Member States must take into consideration gender concerns and the specific needs of vulnerable persons such as LGBTI people within the premises and accommodation centres. Additionally, they are required to take appropriate measures to prevent assault and gender-based violence, including sexual assault and harassment into considerations in reception.