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Migration and Home Affairs


A person who is the sole or joint owner of the unincorporated enterprise (one that has not been incorporated, i.e. formed into a legal corporation) in which they work, unless they are also in paid employment which is their main activity.


Eurostat’s Concepts and Definitions Database


  • BG: самонаето лице
  • CS: osoba samostatně výdělečně činná (OSVČ)
  • DE: Selbstständiger
  • EL: αυτοαπασχολούμενος
  • EN: self-employed person
  • ES: trabajador por cuanta propia
  • ET: füüsilisest isikust ettevõtja
  • FI: itsenäinen ammatinharjoittaja
  • FR: travailleur indépendant
  • GA: duine féinfhostaithe
  • HR: samozaposlena osoba
  • HU: önfoglalkoztatott személy
  • IT: lavoratore autonomo
  • LT: savarankiškai dirbantis asmuo
  • LV: pašnodarbināta persona
  • MT: persuna taħdem għal rasha / persuna b'impjieg indipendenti
  • NL: zelfstandige
  • PL: osoba samozatrudniona
  • PT: trabalhador por conta própria
  • RO: lucrător independent
  • SK: samostatne zárobkovo činná osoba (SZČO)
  • SL: samozaposlena oseba
  • SV: egenföretagare
  • NO: selvstendig sysselsatt (b); sjølvstendig sysselsett (n)
  • KA: თვითდასაქმებული
  • UK: самозайнята особа
  • HY: ինքնազբաղ աշխատող

Related Term(s)


1. In the last case, they are considered to be employees.
2. According to ILO’s ICSE-93, self-employment jobs are those jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits (or the potential for profits) derived from the goods and services produced (where own consumption is considered to be part of the profits). The incumbents make the operational decisions affecting the enterprise, or delegate such decisions while retaining responsibility for the welfare of the enterprise. (In this context, ‘enterprise’ includes one-person operations.)