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Migration and Home Affairs


A person going from a host country back to a country of origin, country of nationality or habitual residence usually after spending a significant period of time in the host country whether voluntary or forced, assisted or spontaneous.


EMN: Programmes and Strategies in the EU Member States fostering Assisted Return to and Reintegration in Third Countries, 2011


  • BG: върнат
  • CS: navracený cizinec
  • DE: Rückkehrer
  • EL: επαναπατριζόμενος
  • EN: returnee
  • ES: extranjero retornado
  • ET: tagasipöörduja
  • FI: palaaja/palautettava
  • FR: personne éloignée (retour forcé) / personne retournée (retour volontaire ou spontané)
  • GA: imirceach fillteach
  • HR: povratnik
  • HU: hazatérő / visszatérő
  • IT: persona che compie ritorno
  • LT: grįžtantysis / grąžinamasis
  • LV: izraidāmais
  • MT: Migrant(a) ritornat(a)
  • NL: terugkeerder
  • PL: osoba powracająca
  • PT: retornado
  • RO: persoană returnată
  • SK: navrátilec
  • SL: oseba v postopku vračanja
  • SV: återvändare
  • NO: den personen som vender hjem (b); den personen som vender heim (n)
  • KA: დასაბრუნებელი პირი
  • UK: репатріант
  • HY: վերադարձող

Related Term(s)


The definition covers all categories of migrants (persons who have resided legally in a country as well as failed asylum seekers) and different ways the return is implemented (e.g. voluntary, forced, assisted and spontaneous). It does not cover stays shorter than three months (such as holiday visits or business meetings and other visits typically considered to be for a period of time of less than three months).