Skip to main content
Migration and Home Affairs


The concept that an applicant is not in need of international protection if in a part of the country of origin, they

(a) have no well-founded fear of being persecuted or are not at real risk of suffering serious harm; or

(b) have access to protection against persecution or serious harm; and they can safely and legally travel to and gain admittance to that part of the country and can reasonably be expected to settle there.


Derived by EMN from Art. 8 of Directive 2011/95/ EU (Recast Qualifiation Directive)


  • BG: вътрешна закрила
  • CS: vnitrostátní ochrana
  • DE: interner Schutz
  • EL: εγχώρια προστασία
  • EN: internal protection
  • ES: protección interna
  • ET: riigisisene kaitse
  • FI: suojelu alkuperämaassa
  • FR: protection à l'intérieur du pays
  • GA: cosaint inmheánach
  • HU: belső védelem
  • IT: protezione all’interno del paese di origine
  • LT: vidaus apsauga
  • LV: iekšējā aizsardzība
  • MT: Protezzjoni internazzjonali
  • NL: binnenlandse bescherming
  • PL: ochrona wewnętrzna
  • PT: proteção internacional
  • RO: Protecția în interiorul țării
  • SK: vnútroštátna ochrana / vnútorná ochrana
  • SL: notranja zaščita
  • SV: internt skydd / internt flyktalternativ
  • NO: intern beskyttelse (b); internt vern (n)
  • KA: ქვეყნის შიგნით დაცვა
  • UK: внутрішній захист


  • internal flight alternative
  • internal protection alternative
  • internal relocation alternative
  • IFA
  • IPA

Broader Term(s)

Narrower Term(s)

Related Term(s)


The assessment whether an internal protection alternative is available in the country of origin is part of the assessment of the application of international protection and has to take into account all the circumstances of the individual case. This assessment is to be made in the context of the conditions in the place of relocation (including basic human rights, security conditions, socio-economic conditions, accommodation, access to health care facilities), in order to determine the impact on that individual of settling in the proposed place of relocation and whether the individual could live a relatively normal life without undue hardship. For further information see UNHCR: Guidelines on international protection: Internal Flight or Relocation Alternative within the Context of Article 1A(2) of the 1951 Convention and/or 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, July 2003.