A country where, on the basis of the legal situation, the application of the law within a democratic system and the general political circumstances, it can be shown that there is generally and consistently no persecution as defined in Art. 9 of Directive 2011/95/EU (Recast Qualification Directive), no torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and no threat by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.
- BG: сигурна страна на произход
- CS: bezpečná země původu
- DE: sicherer Herkunftsstaat
- EL: ασφαλής χώρα προέλευσης
- EN: safe country of origin
- ES: país de origen seguro
- ET: turvaline päritoluriik
- FI: turvallinen alkuperämaa
- FR: pays d’origine sûr
- GA: tír thionscnaimh atá sábháilte
- HU: biztonságos származási ország
- IT: paese di origine sicuro
- LT: saugi kilmės šalis (EU acquis); saugi kilmės valstybė
- LV: droša izcelsmes valsts
- MT: Pajjiż tal-oriġini sigur / bla perikli
- NL: veilig land van herkomst
- PL: bezpieczny kraj pochodzenia
- PT: país de origem seguro
- RO: ţara de origine sigură
- SK: bezpečná krajina pôvodu
- SL: varna izvorna država
- SV: säkert ursprungsland
- NO: trygt hjemland (b); trygt heimland (n)
- concept of safe country of origin
1. According to Art. 37 of Directive 2013/32/EU (Recast Asylum Procedures Directive), EU Member States may retain or introduce legislation that allows for the national designation of safe countries of origin for the purposes of examining applications for international protection.
2. According to the Protocol 29 of TFEU, EU Member States shall be regarded as constituting safe countries of origin in respect of each other for all legal and practical purposes in relation to asylum matters. Accordingly, any application for asylum made by a national of a Member State are normally not taken into consideration.
3. EU Member States shall regularly review the situation in third countries that are designated as safe countries of origin.
4. The assessment of whether a country is a safe country of origin shall be based on a range of sources of information, including in particular information from other EU Member States, European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Council of Europe and other relevant international organisations.
5. According to Art. 36 of Directive 2013/32/EU (Recast Asylum Procedures Directive), the 'concept of safe country of origin' means that a third country is - after an individual examination of the application - considered as a safe country of origin for a particular applicant only if:
- they have the nationality of that country; or
- they are a stateless person and were formerly habitually resident in that country, and they have not submitted any serious grounds for considering the country not to be a safe country of origin in their particular circumstances and in terms of their qualification as a beneficiary of international protection in accordance with Directive 2011/95/EU (Recast Qualification Directive).