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Migration and Home Affairs

illegal employment


Economic activity carried out in violation of provisions set by legislation.


Derived by EMN from definition for ‘clandestine employment’ in the ILO Thesaurus, 6th ed., 2008.


  • BG: незаконна заетост
  • CS: nelegální zaměstnávání
  • DE: illegale Beschäftigung
  • EL: παράνομη απασχόληση
  • EN: illegal employment
  • ES: empleo ilegal
  • ET: ebaseaduslik töötamine
  • FI: laiton työnteko
  • FR: emploi illégal
  • GA: fostaíocht neamhdhleathach
  • HU: illegális foglalkoztatás
  • IT: lavoro illegale
  • LT: nelegalus darbas
  • LV: nelikumīga nodarbinātība
  • MT: Impjieg illegali
  • NL: illegale tewerkstelling / illegale arbeid
  • PL: nielegalne zatrudnienie
  • PT: emprego ilegal
  • RO: angajare ilegală, muncă la negru
  • SK: nelegálne zamestnávanie
  • SL: ilegalna zaposlitev / nezakonita zaposlitev
  • SV: olaglig anställning
  • NO: illegalt arbeid


  • clandestine employment

Narrower Term(s)

Related Term(s)


1. In the EU context , this covers both the illegal employment of a third-country national who is irregularly staying on the territory of an EU Member State and of a legally resident third-country national working outside the conditions of the residence permit and/or without a work permit.
2. In the context of Directive 2009/52/EC (Employer Sanctions Directive) this means the employment of an illegally staying third-country national (see Art. 2(d)).