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Migration and Home Affairs

gender identity

Definition(s)

Each person's deeply felt internal and individual experience of gender, which may or may not correspond with the sex assigned at birth, including the personal sense of the body (which may involve, if freely chosen, modifications of bodily appearance or function by medical, surgical or other means) and other expressions of gender, including dress, speech and mannerism.

Source(s)

Yogyakarta principles on the application of international human rights law in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity, March 2006.

Translations

  • BG: полова идентичност
  • CS: genderová identita
  • DE: Geschlechtsidentität
  • EL: ταυτότητα φύλου
  • EN: gender identity
  • ES: n/a
  • ET: sooidentiteet/ sooline identiteet
  • FI: sukupuoli-identiteetti
  • FR: identité de genre
  • GA: féiniúlacht inscne
  • HU: nemi identitás
  • IT: identità di genere
  • LT: lytinė tapatybė
  • LV: dzimtes/dzimtiskā identitāte
  • MT: Identità tal-ġeneru
  • NL: genderidentiteit
  • PL: tożsamość płciowa
  • PT: identidade de género
  • RO: n/a
  • SK: rodová identifikácia / rodová identita
  • SL: spolna identiteta
  • SV: könsidentitet
  • NO: kjønnsidentitet

Related Term(s)

Note(s)

  1. The Yogyakarta Principles, adopted in 2006, are a set of principles on the application of international human rights law in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity. Principle 23 includes the right to asylum.
  2. In 2017 a set of new principles on international human rights law relating to sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics (SOGIESC) were added, among others the right to state protection: “Everyone, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression or sex characteristics, has the right to State protection from violence, discrimination and other harm, whether by government officials or by any individual or group”. For more in-formation see: The Yogyakarta Principles plus 10 (YP+10), 2017.
  3. Gender identity can be a ground for protection under the Geneva Refugee Convention and Protocol and under EU international protection legislation.
  4. Art. 10 of Directive 2011/95/EU (Recast Qualification Directive) explicitly includes sexual orientation and gender identity among the possible reasons for persecution, both should be given due consideration when determining whether a person belongs to a particular social group under persecution.
  5. According to Art.18(3) of Directive 2013/33/EU (Recast Reception Conditions Directive) EU Member States must take into consideration gender concerns and the specific needs of vulnerable personssuch as LGBTI people within the premises and accommodation centres. Additionally, they are required to take appropriate measures to prevent assault and gender-based violence, including sexual assault and harassment into considerations in reception.