The judicial authority of the European Union which ensures in cooperation with the courts and tribunals of the EU Member States the uniform application and interpretation of European Union law; and which settles legal disputes between national governments and EU institutions.
- BG: Съд на Европейския съюз
- CS: Soudní dvůr Evropské unie
- DE: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union
- EL: Δικαστήριο της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης
- EN: Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)
- ES: Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea
- ET: Euroopa Liidu Kohus
- FI: Euroopan unionin tuomioistuin
- FR: Cour de justice de l’Union européenne
- GA: Cúirt Bhreithiúnais an Aontais Eorpaigh
- HU: Európai Unió Bírósága
- IT: Corte di giustizia dell’Unione europea
- LT: Europos Sąjungos Teisingumo Teismas
- LV: Eiropas Savienības Tiesa
- MT: Qorti (Il-) tal-Ġustizzja tal-Unjoni Ewropea (QĠUE)
- NL: Hof van Justitie van de Europese Unie
- PL: Trybunał Sprawiedliwości Unii Europejskiej
- PT: Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia
- SK: Súdny dvor Európskej únie
- SL: Sodišče Evropske Unije
- SV: Europeiska unionens domstol (EU-domstolen)
- NO: EU-domstolen
1. The institution was originally established in 1952 as a single court called the Court of Justice of the European Coal and Steel Communities (as of 1958 the Court of Justice of the European Communities (CJEC)). With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, the court system obtained its current name (Court of Justice of the European Union), while the court itself was renamed "Court of Justice".
2. The Court is based in Luxembourg and consists of two courts: the Court of Justice and the General Court (created in 1988). The court has one judge per EU Member State. The governments of EU Member States agree on whom they want to appoint.
3. The Court reviews the legality of the acts of the institutions of the European Union; ensures that the EU Member States comply with obligations under the Treaties; and interprets European Union law at the request of the national courts and tribunals.