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Migration and Home Affairs

acquisition of citizenship


Any mode of becoming a national, i.e. by birth or at any time after birth, automatic or non-automatic, based on attribution, declaration, option or application.


Global Citizenship Observatory (GLOBALCIT): Glossary on Citizenship and Electoral Rights


  • BG: придобиване на гражданство
  • CS: nabytí státního občanství
  • DE: Erwerb der Staatsangehörigkeit / Erwerb der Staatsbürgerschaft
  • EL: κτήση ιθαγένειας
  • EN: acquisition of citizenship
  • ES: adquisición y atribución de nacionalidad
  • ET: kodakondsuse omandamine / kodakondsuse saamine
  • FI: kansalaisuuden saaminen
  • FR: acquisition de la nationalité
  • GA: saoránacht a fháil
  • HU: állampolgárság megszerzése
  • IT: acquisizione di cittadinanza
  • LT: pilietybės įgijimas
  • LV: pilsonības iegūšana
  • MT: Ksib ta’ ċittadinanza
  • NL: verkrijging van het staatsburgerschap
  • PL: nabywanie obywatelstwa
  • PT: aquisição de nacionalidade
  • RO: obtinerea cetateniei / dobandirea cetateniei
  • SK: nadobudnutie štátneho občianstva / získanie štátneho občianstva
  • SL: pridobitev državljanstva
  • SV: förvärv av medborgarskap
  • NO: erverv av statsborgerskap (b); erverv av statsborgarskap (n)

Broader Term(s)

Narrower Term(s)

Related Term(s)


1. Art. 3(d) of Regulation (EC) No. 862/2007 (Migration Statistics Regulation) refers or relates to the acquisition of citizenship to those persons having their usual residence in the territory of the EU Member State and having acquired during the reference year the citizenship of the EU Member State and having formerly held the citizenship of another EU Member State or a third country or having formerly been a stateless person.
2. One of the possible ways of acquiring citizenship is through naturalisation, which refers more to the decision / administrative process by the relevant authorities for the granting of nationality.