In recent years, the number of admission schemes for ‘start-ups’ and ‘innovative entrepreneurs’ have increased, both within the EU and globally. At EU level, improving the EU’s attractiveness for foreign entrepreneurs and start-ups forms part of the objective of upgrading the single market and is also in line with EU migration policy objectives, such as tackling demographic change and satisfying labour market needs.
The latest EMN study provides an overview of the migratory pathways available to start-ups and innovative entrepreneurs in the EU by exploring the policies and practices in 25 Member States to attract and retain start-ups and innovative entrepreneurs.
Main key points to note:
In 2018, the highest number of applications for start-up schemes was recorded in Estonia (783), followed by Spain (305); Lithuania (178); the Netherlands (127); Finland (108); Italy (92); Ireland (42) and Cyprus (7).
- Fostering innovation and entrepreneurship is a national policy priority in the majority of Member States;
- Thirteen Member States have specific admission schemes in place (mainly residence permits and/or visas) for start-up founders and innovative entrepreneurs from third countries;
- Member States without a specific scheme use other channels to admit start-up founders such as long-term visas and residence permits for self-employment and business activities; or investors permits;
- In all States, the withdrawal of protection status can have consequences for the right of residence of a (former) beneficiary of international protection, depending in most cases on the individual circumstances of the person concerned, and may also affect the protection status and right to residence of family members and dependants.
*AT, BE, BG, CY, CZ, DE, EE, ES, FI, FR, HR, HU, IE, IT, LT, LU, LV, MT, NL, PT, PL, SE, SK, UK
- Publication date
- 18 December 2019