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Migration and Home Affairs

The disengagement/re-engagement path

  • Belgium
Target Audience
  • Violent extremists
  • Families
key themes association
  • Deradicalisation/disengagement
  • Internet and radicalisation
  • 2019



Is the contact point for individuals tackling a violent radicalism issue and the Wallonia-Brussels Federation.

It has multiple missions:

  • to provide general information on the problem and on the means of prevention and care, as well as targeted information on specific situations;
  • to direct people to the relevant ‘local’ network, taking into account service, missions and goals as well as the ethical principles of these partner services;
  • to build a network of partners with a confirmed local presence;
  • to develop action research to update practices and accompanying actions in line with the resulting hypotheses;
  • to ensure individual and personal accompaniment of individuals close to someone who are concerned by the issue of violent radicalism and extremism, or individuals and professionals directly concerned by a situation of violent radicalism and extremism.

Type of Organisation: Governmental institution

Project description

The ‘Centre d’Aide et de Prise en charge de toute personne concernée par les Extrémismes et Radicalismes Violents’ (CAPREV) can help individuals disengage from radicalisation.

To achieve this, social workers must identify what motivated the individual to join a radical movement in the first place. The social worker must work alongside the individual, offering guidance and support in a joint effort to subsequently identify protective factors as well as resources available to guide the intervention.

The social worker supports the individual as they reflect on the path that led to radicalisation for that individual, and then to redefine this personal trajectory. The social worker must accompany the individual as they work to grasp the scope and impact of violence on society, on one’s family and on oneself. The social worker also guides and supports the individual as they seek answers and comprehension of their predicament.

CAPREV provides a greater degree of social inclusion for such individuals: by engaging in different areas of life (schooling, employment, relationships, family, etc.), they can help the individual find a place and sense of identity within society. CAPREV also works to rehabilitate individuals by creating a new, positive social network around the person.

In helping individuals on the path to disengagement, whether voluntarily or as a condition of probation, CAPREV is inspired by the criminological concept of desistance and its accompanying process. Desistance is based on the development, exploitation and optimisation of social capital and human capital.

It is the social worker’s job to initiate, support or promote this process of desistance, depending on the individual circumstances of their client. The intrinsic consequence of desistance is the cessation of delinquent behaviour, which thereby also prevents recidivism.

Contact details


66 rue de Bonne
1080 Brussels

Contact person: Philippe Massay
Telephone: (+32) 2 3625377
philippe [dot] massayatcfwb [dot] be (Email) | Website

Read the full practice

The disengagement/re-engagement path