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Migration and Home Affairs


A professional activity or group of professional activities, access to which, the pursuit of which, or one of the modes of pursuit of which is subject, directly or indirectly, by virtue of legislative, regulatory or administrative provisions to the possession of specific professional qualifications.


Art. 3(1)a of Directive 2005/36/EC (Professional Qualifications Directive)


  • BG: регламентирана професия
  • CS: regulované povolání
  • DE: reglementierter Beruf
  • EL: νομοθετικά κατοχυρωμένο επάγγελμα
  • EN: regulated profession
  • FI: säännelty ammatti
  • FR: profession réglementée
  • HU: szabályozott szakma
  • IT: professione regolamentata
  • LT: reglamentuojama profesija
  • MT: Professjoni regolata (fuq bażi ta’ kwalifiċi professjonali)
  • PL: zawód regulowany
  • PT: profissão regulada
  • SK: regulované povolanie
  • SL: reguliran poklic
  • SV: reglerat yrke
  • KA: რეგულირებადი პროფესია
  • UK: регульована професія  

Related Term(s)


1. Directive 2005/36/EC applies to all nationals of an EU Member State wishing to pursue a regulated profession in an EU Member State. Third-country nationals benefit from equal treatment with regard to access to regulated professions, upon recognition of their qualifications according to the rules and procedures set by the EU Member State where they wish to access a regulated profession.
2. Art 2(i) of Council Directive 2009/50/EC on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment makes also a reference to 'regulated profession' as defined in Article 3(1)(a) of Directive 2005/36/EC.
3. In general, the definition of what constitutes regulated and non-regulated professions differ. Binding recognition procedures generally apply to regulated professions. With respect to non-regulated professions, the recognition of qualifications is not a general requirement. There is a plethora of methods that have been developed for both regulated and non-regulated professions. Systems include regulation by national and/or provincial professional bodies (as in Australia and Canada), employer-based recognition processes (as in SE), coordination by one public authority in charge of regulated professions (as in DK) or automatic recognition, which is based on the European Qualifications Framework/Professional Qualifications Directive and apply to EU nationals, but in most cases not to third-country nationals.
4. The European Commission established a Regulations Professions Database which defines regulated profession as “a profession where access and exercise is subject to the possession of a specific professional qualification". This database contains lists of regulated professions in the EU Member States, CH and UK.