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Migration and Home Affairs


  • In the global context, a person who is not a refugee when they leave their country of origin, but who becomes a refugee, that is, acquires a well-founded fear of persecution, at a later date.
  • In the EU context, a person granted refugee status based on international protection needs which arose sur place, i.e. on account of events which took place after they left their country of origin.



  • BG: бежанец на място / бежанец sur place
  • CS: uprchlík na místě / uprchlík sur place
  • DE: Flüchtling sur place
  • EL: επί τόπου πρόσφυγας
  • EN: refugee sur place
  • ES: refugiado sobrevenido
  • ET: sur place pagulane
  • FI: sur place -pakolainen
  • FR: réfugié sur place
  • GA: dídeanaí sur place
  • HU: sur place menekült
  • IT: rifugiato sur place
  • LT: pabėgėlis sur place
  • LV: bēglis sur place
  • MT: Rifuġjat(a) sur place
  • NL: vluchteling sur place; réfugié sur place (NL)
  • PL: uchodźca sur place / uchodźca na miejscu
  • PT: refugiado sur place
  • RO: refugiat sur place
  • SK: utečenec sur place / utečenec na mieste
  • SL: begunec sur place
  • SV: sur place-flykting
  • NO: sur place-flyktning
  • KA: სურ პლას (sur place/"ადგილზე") ლტოლვილი
  • UK: біженець на місці


  • objective grounds for seeking asylum occurring after the applicant’s departure from their country of origin


​Refugees sur place may owe their fear of persecution to a coup d’état in their home country, or to the introduction or intensification of repressive or persecutory policies after their departure. A claim in this category may also be based on bona fide political activities, undertaken in the country of residence or refuge.