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Migration and Home Affairs


Separate classes or lessons in which newly arrived migrant children are provided with intensive language teaching and, in some cases, an adapted curriculum for other subjects,in order to facilitate their integration in the regular school system.


Derived by EMN from Eurydice Report: Integrating Students from Migrant Backgrounds into Schools in Europe: National Policies, 2019


  • BG: подготвителен клас / подготвителен учебен час
  • DE: Vorbereitungsklasse / Vorbereitungskurs; Aufnahmeklasse / Aufnahmekurs (LU)
  • EL: Προπαρασκευαστικά μαθήματα (συν. τάξεις υποδοχής)
  • EN: preparatory class
  • FI: valmistava luokka / valmistava opetus
  • FR: classe passerelle (BE); unité pédagogique pour élèves allophones arrivants (UPE2A) (FR); classe d’accueil / cours d’accueil (LU)
  • HU: előkészítő óra
  • IT: corso di preparazione
  • LT: parengiamieji kursai
  • PL: zajęcia przygotowawcze
  • SK: prípravný kurz
  • SL: pripravljalni pouk
  • SV: förberedande undervisning / förberedelseklass
  • NO: forberedende språkkurs (for barn av nyankomne asylsøkere) (b); førebuande språkkurs (for barn av nyankomne asylsøkarar) (n)


  • education for immigrant children
  • education for migrant children
  • reception class
  • transition class
  • welcome class


1. Art. 14(2)2 of Directive 2013/33/EU (Recast Reception Conditions Directive) stipulates that “preparatory classes, including language classes, shall be provided to minors where it is necessary to facilitate their access to and participation in the education system”.
2. However there is a diverging practice towards preparatory classes and/or lessons among EU Members States. Most EU Member States place newly arrived children and young people with a migratory background in preparatory classes or lessons if their language skills are not strong enough to follow mainstream teaching. Others place migrant children directly in regular/mainstream classes, as they consider this practice to be the most appropriate for integration. For more information see the Eurydice Report: Integrating Students from Migrant Backgrounds Education and Training into Schools in Europe: National Policies, August 2019.