Skip to main content
Λογότυπος της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής
Migration and Home Affairs


Third country national who has no legal right to stay in the territory of one of the EU Member States and who is subject to a return decision but who can nevertheless not be immediately returned for various reasons.


Derived by EMN from Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on EU Return Policy, COM/2014/0199.


  • BG: лице, подлежащо на връщане, за което връщането не може да бъде осъществено
  • CS: osoba, u které nelze realizovat návrat
  • DE: Rückkehrpflichtige Person, die nicht zurückgeführt werden kann
  • EL: ανεφίκτου απελάσεως
  • EN: non-removable returnee
  • ES: persona con orden de expulsión que no puede ser materializada
  • ET: tagasipöörduja, keda ei saa välja saata
  • FI: palauttamispäätöksen saanut henkilö, jota ei kyetä poistamaan maasta
  • FR: personne non-éloignable faisant l’objet d’une décision de retour
  • GA: fillí neamh-inaistrithe
  • HU: nem kitoloncolható visszatérő
  • IT: Rimpatriandi non allontanabili
  • LT: užsienietis, kurio negalima grąžinti
  • LV: neizraidāma persona
  • MT: Migrant(a) ritornat(a) li ma tistax tintbagħat lura
  • NL: niet-verwijderbare terugkeerder / niet-uitzetbare terugkeerder
  • PL: cudzoziemiec, którego decyzja o powrocie jest niewykonywalna
  • PT: cidadão estrangeiro inexpulsável / repatriado inexpulsável
  • SK: nenavrátiteľný cudzinec
  • SL: oseba v postopku vračanja, katera se zaradi objektivnih ali subjektivnih vzroko ne more vrniti; tujec, ki ga ni mogoče vračati
  • SV: återvändande som ej kan avlägsnas ur landet
  • NO: person med utreiseplikt som ikke kan returneres (b); person med utreiseplikt som ikkje kan returnerast (n)
  • KA: პირი, რომლის გაძევება დაუშვებელია/შეუძლებელია
  • UK: особа, яка підлягає поверненню, яка не може бути повернена


  • non-deportable
  • non-removable irregular migrant
  • undesirable and non-removable migrant

Related Term(s)


1. Barriers to removal may be legal, humanitarian or practical in nature or they may results from policy choices. Barriers to return are discussed in the EMN Focussed Study: Returning Rejected Asylum Seekers: challenges and good practices, 2016 .
2. According to section 13.2 of the 'Return Handbook' EU Member States have no obligation to grant a residence permit to non-removable returnees once it becomes clear that there is no more reasonable prospect of removal, but EU Member States are free to do so at any moment.
3. Non-removables include "undesirable and non-removable migrants" who are excluded on the basis of Art. 1F of the Geneva Refugee Convention and Protocol and who may not be refouled because of human rights obligations.
4. Penal sanctions aimed at dissuading non-removable returnees who have no justified reasons for non-return from remaining illegally must comply with fundamental rights, particularly those guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (CFR), and must comply with the proportionality principle. The maximum time for depriving the liberty of non-cooperating returnees is limited by Council Directive 2008/115/EC (Return Directive) to 18 months.