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Migration and Home Affairs

mutual recognition agreement


Agreements on the recognition of foreign qualifications negotiated by governments and professional organisations in several countries by setting out clear rules for licensing or certifying migrant professionals who move between signatory countries in order to reduce, or even eliminate, the need for case-by-case assessments when applicants have been trained in systems conferring essentially comparable skills and knowledge.


Migration Policy Institute: Skilled Immigrants in the Global Economy: Prospects for International Cooperation on Recognition of Foreign Qualifications, 2013


  • BG: споразумение за взаимно признаване
  • CS: smlouva o vzájemném uznávání rovnocennosti dokladů o vzdělání
  • DE: gegenseitige Anerkennungsvereinbarung
  • EL: συμφωνία αμοιβαίας αναγνώρισης
  • EN: mutual recognition agreement
  • ES: acuerdo de reconocimiento mutuo
  • ET: vastastikuse tunnustamise leping
  • FI: sopimus vastavuoroisesta tunnustamisesta
  • FR: accord de reconnaissance mutuelle
  • GA: comhaontú maidir le haitheantas frithpháirteach
  • HU: kölcsönös elismerési megállapodás
  • IT: accordo di reciproco riconoscimento
  • LT: susitarimas dėl abipusio pripažinimo
  • LV: savstarpējas atzīšanas līgums
  • MT: Ftehim għar-rikonoxximent reċiproku
  • NL: overeenkomst inzake wederzijdse erkenning
  • PL: umowa o wzajemnym uznaniu kwalifikacji
  • PT: acordo de reconhecimento mútuo
  • RO: acord de recunoaştere mutuală
  • SK: dohoda o vzájomnom uznávaní rovnocennosti dokladov o vzdelaní
  • SL: sporazum o vzajemnem priznavanju
  • SV: avtal om ömsesidigt erkännande av kvalifikationer
  • NO: avtale om gjensidig godkjenning


  • MRA

Related Term(s)


1. MRAs can lessen barriers migrant professionals face when transferring their skills and experience across borders and help governments to recognise professional qualifications from other jurisdictions. They come in several different forms with major variations in the scope of the agreement and the benefits they provide to the applicant (automatic, partial or limited-scope recognition, temporary access).
2. The furthest-reaching and most comprehensive system is the EU’s system outlined in Council Directive 2005/36/EC (Professional Qualification Directive) which covers all regulated occupations in all EU Member States and reduces regulatory authorities’ discretion to reject applicants that fall under its purview.