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Migration and Home Affairs

assisted voluntary return and reintegration programme (AVRR)


Any measure to support (e.g. administrative, financial, logistical, counselling) the return and reintegration of a returnee in their country of origin or another third country by the State or by a third party (e.g. an international organisation or non-governmental organisation) which enable the returnee to lead an independent life in the country of return.


  1. EMN: Guidelines for monitoring and evaluation of AVR(R) programmes, January 2016
  2. IOM Glossary on Migration, 2.ed. 2011


  • BG: програма за подпомагане на доброволното връщане и реинтеграция (ПАДВР)
  • CS: asistovaný dobrovolný návrat a reintegrační program
  • DE: Programm zur Unterstützung der freiwilligen Rückkehr und Reintegration
  • EL: πρόγραμμα επιστροφής
  • EN: assisted voluntary return and reintegration programme (AVRR)
  • ES: programa de retorno voluntario
  • ET: toetatud vabatahtliku tagasipöördumise ja reintegratsiooni programm
  • FI: avustettu vapaaehtoinen paluu ja paluutuki
  • FR: programme d’aide au retour volontaire et à la réintégration (AVRR) (BE, LU); programme d'aide au retour volontaire et à la réinsertion (AVRR) (FR)
  • GA: clár fillte
  • HU: hazatérési program
  • IT: programma di ritorno volontario assistito con reintegrazione (RVA&R)
  • LT: (remiamo) savanoriško grįžimo ir reintegracijos programa
  • LV: atbalstītas brīvprātīgās atgriešanās un reintegrācijas programma
  • MT: Programm t’assistenza / ta’ għajnuna għal ritorn volontarju u riintegrazzjoni (PARVR)
  • NL: terugkeerprogramma
  • PL: program wspomaganych dobrowolnych powrotów i reintegracji
  • PT: Programa de apoio ao retorno voluntário e à reintegração
  • RO: program de returnare
  • SK: program asistovaných dobrovoľných návratov a reintegrácií
  • SL: program pomoči pri prostovoljnem vračanju in reintegraciji
  • SV: program för stöd till frivilligt återvändande och återintegrering
  • NO: Assistert retur- og reintegreringsprogram (AVVR), tidligere Returprogram


  • AVR assisted voluntary return and reintegration
  • AVR assisted voluntary return and reintegration package
  • AVVR
  • return programme

Broader Term(s)


  1. Assisted voluntary return and reintegration programmes (AVRR) are an indispensable part of a comprehensive approach to migration management aiming at orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants (rejected applicants for international protectionvictims of trafficking in human beingsstranded migrants) who are unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin. The programmes should not only take into account the Needs of the individual returnee but also address the Needs of local communities in the Country of origin.
  2. The successful implementation of AVRR programmes requires the cooperation and participation of a broad range of actors, including the migrants, civil society and the governments in both host and transit countries and countries of origin. For further information see the IOM-Website on Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration.
  3. EU return policy favours voluntary departure over forced return. As third-country nationals often lack the financial means to leave voluntarily, EU Member States have developed AVR(R) programmes to facilitate their voluntary departure. The form and nature of the assistance provided differs between EU Member States and not all EU Member States provide reintegration assistance.
  4. An example for a joint reintegration programme is the European Reintegration Network (ERIN) Specific Action Program co-funded by the European Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) and by the partner countries. It aims to implement sustainable return and reintegration of third country nationals in their country of origin, with cooperation between ERIN partner institutions from the participating host countries. For further information see the webpagesof the partner countries of ERIN as e.g. for Belgium.